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#4171
Ursula Goodenough
Participant

I’ve lost track of which “Western science” definition(s) of life are to be included in the forthcoming glossary, but I’ll go ahead and offer the ” minimal list of list of features that constitute all present-day organisms on planet earth” that I offered in our course The Epic of Evolution.

 

1) Ability to capture and utilize energy from the environment.

 

2) Self-maintenance.

 

3) Reproduction of one’s kind.

 

4) Capacity to evolve

 

The first three can be subsumed under the category of “purposive” or “teleodynamic” which, in my view, is a phenomenon that showed up on this planet with organisms.